Food Security Threatens Asia’s Potential.

JAKARTA, INDONESIA — Asia could be “the continent of the future” but must first confront the challenges of rising demand for food, energy and water.

This was said by Indonesia’s President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono while speaking on Sunday at the start of a two-day World Economic Forumon East Asia, an event drawing political leaders and industry chiefs from across the region, Yudhoyono said Asia’s growth will put it at the heart of the global economy.

“Asia, more than any other region, can help achieve a strong, sustainable and balanced world economy,” Yudhoyono said.

“Asia certainly has the resources, opportunity and most importantly, confidence to shape the international system.”

The forum – which is meeting under the banner of ‘Responding to New Globalism’ – aims to tackle critical issues facing the region including rising demand for resources and responding to natural disasters.

Yudhoyono cautioned that continued growth could be compromised by competition for natural resources.

“Of the seven billion people that now inhabit our planet, 60 per cent live in Asia. As their economies grow, they will seek and competefor finite natural resources, a pattern that in previous centuries led to wars, conquest, exploitation and untold suffering,” Yudhoyono added.

One key issue up for discussion at the forum, which is being held for the first time in Indonesia, is food security.

“Every six seconds a child dies because of a lack of food. We needto find sustainable food security system,” WEF co-chairman Paul Polman, also the CEO of Unilever, told reporters.

WEF head of Asia director Sushant Palakurthi Rao said participants, including those from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) regional bloc, will share their expertise on the issue.

A food security initiative which will be launched at the forum aligning the food industry and regional policy makers.

“The conversation taking place in Indonesia is similar to the oneswe’ve done before in Tanzania and Vietnam, combine the expertise thecountries which have successful agriculturepolicies with expertise in supply chain management and agriculture efficiency,” Rao told AFP at the sidelines of the meeting.

Among the heads of government attending the forum are Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, and his counterpart from Thailand, Abhisit Vejjajiva.

Singaporean Premier Lee Hsien-Loong said that members of Asean (Association of Southeast Asian Countries) would need to continue collaborate with the US and China as global economic powerhouses.

WEF on Wednesday released its first-ever Indonesia CompetitivenessReport saying the archipelago of 240 million people had showed the strongest progress among the Group of 20 countries.

Ranked 44th of 139 economies in the Global Competitiveness Index, Indonesia “has done remarkably well in the past decade and has provenvery resilient during the global economic crisis,” WEF economist andthe report’s author, Thierry Geiger, said.

Poor infrastructure was however among its “most glaring shortcomings”, he added.

According to its website the World Economic Forum is an independent organisation bringing together top business leaders, governments and academics to discuss responses to challenges facing the world.

Its highly publicised annual meeting is held in the Swiss mountainresort of Davos.